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John Frederick Hartranft: Citizen Soldier and Pennsylvania Statesman
April 20, 2015 @ 7:30 pm
Guest speaker Mark Grim will do a “First Person” program on John Hartranft, a very prominent Pennsylvanian but virtually unknown outside of Montgomery County with perhaps the exception of Civil War historians.
John Hartranft was born and raised in Montgomery County, PA. During the Civil War, Hartranft rose from Colonel of the 4th and 51st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry regiments to Brevet Major General. In 1886, he received the Medal of Honor for his actions at the Battle of First Bull Run in July 1861. 150 years ago, in April 1865, following the assassination of President Lincoln, President Andrew Johnson appointed General Hartranft Military Governor of the prison where the eight Lincoln conspirators were incarcerated and Special Provost Marshal General for their trial by military commission. On July 7, 1865, in accordance with orders from President Johnson, he was responsible for the hanging of four of the conspirators, including Mary Surratt. From 1873 to 1879, Hartranft served as Governor of Pennsylvania; and from 1879 until his death in 1889, he served as Major General commanding the Pennsylvania National Guard.