Newsletter: Vol. 8, No. 1; Spring 2005


  • Horrors of the Immigrants’ Voyage
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The Horrors of the Immigrants’ Voyage

Translation of a letter written by Johannes Kunchel (1709, Florsbach, Germany) who, with wife Anna Magdalena emigrated on the ship, Patience, 16 September 1748.

Article taken from the book: “A Gathering & Mingling of Early Kunkel-Kunkle-Gunkel Families” by James E. Kunkle and W. M. Kunkel

A detailed article on the financial suffering, and health suffering immigrants endured traveling by ship across the atlantic in the mid 1700’s. The suffering continued once the immigrants landed in Philadelphia where many were separated and forced into years of servitude to pay for their crossing.

6 page article.